Last update: September 21, 2014

The act of determining the physical condition of a piece of equipment. Inspection can be achieved visually or through the use of advanced instrumentation, or both.

Inspections ensure the mechanical integrity and reliability of equipment for its intended service.

Special thanks to the following contributors:

Mohammed Aboul Gheit, KNPC, MAA

Recommend changes or revisions to this definition.


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A New Generation of Predictive NDE Sensor Technologies
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Angelique N. Lasseigne at G2MT, Joshua E. Jackson at G2MT, and Robert Schaffler at G2MT LLC

The future of inspection will be based on predictive and proactive technologies that effectively monitor material properties of structures and systems over their entire service life.

Join Inspectioneering at the 2015 API Inspection Summit
January 26, 2015

If you plan on attending, feel free to stop by the Inspectioneering table in the main registration area to say hello. All attendees will have an opportunity to sign up for a free 1 year subscription and enter to win some great prizes, including a Yeti Tundra 65 qt Cooler, Streamlight ProTac LED Flashlight, Havalon Piranta Knife, and much more!

Partner Content

It is difficult to cover all inspection applications with basic inspection procedures like radiography, ultrasonics, magnetic particle testing, and dye penetrant inspection. Owner-operators are finding that advanced NDE services such as guided-wave ultrasonics, AUT corrosion mapping, and eddy current testing are essential tools to keep their facilities operating safely and efficiently.

Dual Mode Pulse Reflectometry – A New Approach to  Heat Exchanger Tube Inspection
November/December 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Dr. Noam Amir at AcousticEye

Tube and shell heat exchangers are required to operate continuously in tough conditions for years, coping with thermal cycling, corrosive fluids on the tube and shell side, vibration and fouling of many different types, all collaborating towards degrading the performance of the unit and causing its eventual failure.

Save Time and Cost for Turnarounds Using Phased Array Technology
November/December 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Terry M. Webb at BP, and Rajesh Bose at BP

The introduction of PAUT is a challenging effort initially, but can have a very positive impact on your first TAR and become a routine inspection for future TARs. When fully implemented, radiation safety boundaries can be reduced significantly or eliminated altogether.

Effective Integrity Management Programs for Steam Reformers
November/December 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Kelsey Hevner at Quest Integrity Group

Steam reformers are critical assets for the successful operation of hydrogen, ammonia, and methanol plants. The steam reformer is also one of the most expensive assets in these facilities. Catalyst tubes inside the reformer are one of the most important and costly components.

Assess Your Mechanical Integrity Program with Material Testing and Inspection
Partner Content

Material testing can be applied at any stage of the production process, but the emphasis should always be to reduce risk as early as possible. Coupled with robust inspection procedures...

Sands of Time Create The Mechanical Integrity Compliance Officer (MICO)
November/December 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Marc McConnell, P.E. at PinnacleAIS, Jeannie Beth Richey at Sasol North America, Inc., and Josh Yoakam at Holly Refining and Marketing - Tulsa, LLC

The role of an API inspector is rapidly changing. Necessary skills for success have transformed as technology, standardization, and regulations have become part of the way of life.

November/December 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Scott Corey at Sentinel Integrity Solutions Inc.

One of the major challenges inspectors and plant operators face after each turnaround is to ensure that all repair and scope work is and was completed in accordance with the client’s requirements. Sometimes that verification will be to ensure work was completed in conjunction with the applicable codes, and sometimes that it was completed in conjunction with the client’s own in-house specifications.

October 20, 2014

It goes without saying that data is a crucial component of running a successful pressure equipment integrity management program. Data can be used to establish or monitor key performance indicators (KPIs) and influence managerial decisions. At Inspectioneering, we understand the importance of accurate data; for this reason, we've initiated a new series of Inspectioneering polls.

A Roadmap for Successful Turnaround  Inspections, Part II: Turnaround Inspection Execution
July/August 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Scott Corey at Sentinel Integrity Solutions Inc.

In this issue of Inspectioneering Journal, I detail a roadmap for inspection activities during turnaround executions. This roadmap includes the critical elements of turnaround inspections, the keys to optimizing inspection activities, and the emerging challenges and solutions during these projects.

The Changing Role of the Unit Inspector
July/August 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Marc McConnell, P.E. at PinnacleAIS, David Jordan at CVR Energy, and Grady Hatton at VERSA Integrity Group

One difficulty new company inspectors typically have is becoming comfortable in their new role. This is due to the fact that they have received little guidance about where they fit in with the "team." Where are they on the organization chart?

Mark Your Calendars: Upcoming API Conferences
July 20, 2014

The American Petroleum Institute (API) does an excellent job of organizing valuable, technical conferences and meetings. Each year, API hosts multiple conferences, around the world, that cover a wide variety of topics and attract some of the industry's brightest minds.

Fitness for Service from an RBI Point of View
May/June 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By Luciano Narcisi at GIE

As an RBI consultant, I frequently get involved in discussions spawned from a misunderstanding of the relation between Risk Based Inspection (RBI) approaches and Fitness for Service (FFS) assessments. Questions like: If thickness is below the minimum required by design, why does the risk stay so low?

Heater Tube Inspection and Remaining Life Evaluation
May/June 2014 Inspectioneering Journal

The following interview with Rich Roberts provides answers to some of the questions our readers have about small, specially designed pigs carrying NDE technologies that can inspect nearly every area of a tube from the coils interior surface.

Criticality Assessment of Piping Systems for  Oil & Gas Facilities
May/June 2014 Inspectioneering Journal

Ensuring the integrity of process piping systems in the Oil & Gas industry (specifically those related to the ASME Code B31.3) is a key issue with respect to the process, business, safety, and the environment. However, in the current cost reduction environment, some companies are adopting a very risky strategy for piping systems where maintenance and inspection tasks are reduced and eliminated indiscriminately, without considering the relative importance of piping for the process.

The Three Tiers of Most Fixed Equipment  Mechanical Integrity (FEMI) Programs
May/June 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
By John Reynolds at Intertek

There are typically three tiers to pass through for most fixed equipment mechanical integrity (FEMI) programs before they reach excellence in FEMI. In my 45 years in the FEMI business, I have observed FEMI programs in all three tiers (phases).