Inspectioneering
Inspectioneering Journal

Non-intrusive FRP Inspection for Avoiding Premature Asset Retirement

By Geoff Clarkson at UTComp, Inc.. This article appears in the November/December 2017 issue of Inspectioneering Journal

Introduction

A novel inspection technique for Fiberglass Reinforced Polymer (FRP) that aligns with the systematic approaches and consensus API codes for evaluating steel piping and vessels was discussed in an article I published in the May/June2017 issue of Inspectioneering Journal [3]. The technique obtains non-destructive ultrasound readings from the outer surface of the FRP.

This article provides a case study of an actual inspection and evaluation of an FRP column. The client used a retired asset so that the non-destructive and non-intrusive results could be verified by destructive testing.

Inspection Tools and Training

The ultrasonic equipment that was used for these inspections is shown in Figure 1. The ultrasonic equipment consists of a flaw detector and a 500 kHz transducer with various delay lines for impedance matching. Other tools such as measuring tape, brushes, scrapers and mirrors will allow inspection and light cleaning of outer surfaces as required.

Figure 1. Ultrasonic Equipment

Figure 1. Ultrasonic Equipment

 

For conventional ASME and API ultrasonic inspections of metallic assets, many flaw detectors currently on the market provide on-board analysis capabilities for flaws and defects. As of this writing, on-board capabilities do not exist for FRP, so the flaw detector must be capable of saving A-scans and exporting the raw data and settings for analysis by external software.

The inspection technique uses unique settings and calibration methods. The procedures and calibration methods are different from commonly used approaches in ASME (or other) codes and standards, and the technique has been proven to be reliable, even when baseline readings from new FRP are unavailable. [4]

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