Inspectioneering
Explore this topic

Overview of International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an independent, non-governmental group that develops and publishes standards based on professional research to ensure safety, efficiency, reliability in various situations and industries around the world. Based in Geneva and composed of 165 member countries, the ISO is the planet’s largest creator of voluntary international standards. It was started when delegates from 25 countries met in London in 1946.

The ISO has published more than 19,500 standards on various topics ranging from the risk management governing ISO 31000, to ISO 14000 environmental standards, to the ever popular ISO 9000 quality management standards. Some of the most important to our industry though are ISO 55000, ISO 9000, and ISO 19011:2011.

ISO 55000, Asset management - Overview, Principles and Terminology

ISO 55000:2014 "Asset management - Overview, principles and terminology" is a standard developed and published by ISO that provides an overview of asset management, its principles and terminology, and the expected benefits from adopting asset management. The project was originally started in London in 2010 and the standard was first released on January of 2014. It is still in its first edition.

The general purpose of this standard is to protect the physical assets of a facility. This can include production machinery, protective functions, reputation, intellectual property, and branding, among others.

ISO 55000 is actually made up of three separate, yet related standards. There are ISO 55000, ISO 55001, and ISO 55002. ISO 55000 serves as an overview of asset management, details the principles of the asset management, and gives a list of all terms and definitions related to the topic. ISO 55001 provides the actual requirements for the implementation of an asset management program at a facility. Finally, ISO 55002 details how to actually implement the processes described in ISO 55001.

ISO 55000 is a very versatile standard and can be applied to all types of assets and by all types and sizes of organizations. It can be used in tandem with other ISO standards that relate to management systems. Standards that are compatible with ISO 55000 include: ISO 9001 - Quality management systems - Requirements, ISO 14001 - Environmental Management Systems - Requirements, and ISO 31000 - Risk Management. Compared to other standards, more of the burden for safety is placed on management, rather than on employees.

PAS 55

ISO 55000 was developed based on PAS 55, “Optimal management of physical assets,” a standard originally developed by the British Standards Institution (BSI) and a group of 50 organizations from 10 different countries and 15 sectors of industry. Compared to PAS 55, ISO 55000 offers a more comprehensive asset management focus and isn’t focused solely on physical assets.

ISO 9000, Quality Management Systems

ISO 9000 is a series of related quality management and assurance standards developed and published by ISO and designed to help organizations document and improve their quality management systems. The ISO 9000 standards were originally published in 1987 and have been periodically updated over the years.

Some of the guidelines include standards on how to be customer focused and implement top managerial qualities. The standards apply to a company's quality management system, not its product or service, and so are applicable for almost any company.

This family of standards includes:

  • ISO 9001:2015 - sets out the requirements of a quality management system
  • ISO 9000:2015 - covers the basic concepts and language
  • ISO 9004:2009 - focuses on how to make a quality management system more efficient and effective
  • ISO 19011:2011 - sets out guidance on internal and external audits of quality management systems.

ISO 9000 is one of the most widely adopted and fastest growing quality initiatives in the world. ISO 9000 standards have been adopted by hundreds of thousands of companies worldwide and continue to grow. This growth is especially evident in countries like China, Japan, Germany, and Italy.

ISO 19011:2011, Guidelines for auditing management systems

ISO 19011:2011, Guidelines for Auditing Management Systems, is a standard developed and published by ISO and intended to provide guidance for auditing management systems. It was published in November of 2011 and is the second edition of the standard. It is a part of the larger ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 collections.

It includes information on the principles of auditing, managing an audit program, and conducting management system audits. It also has information on how to evaluate the competence of individuals involved in the audit process, including the person managing the audit program, auditors, and audit teams. ISO 19011:2011 is primarily meant to apply to organizations that need to conduct audits, internal or external, of their management systems.

Is this definition incomplete? You can help by contributing to it.

Share this Topic

Related Topics

API 560 - Fired Heaters for General Refinery Service API 579 - Fitness-For-Service (FFS) API 594 - Check Valves: Flanged, Lug, Wafer, and Butt-Welding API 620 - Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks API 650 - Welded Tanks for Oil Storage API 660 - Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers API 661 - Petroleum, Petrochemical, and Natural Gas Industries Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers API RP 1173 - Pipeline Safety Management Systems API RP 1176 - Assessment and Management of Cracking in Pipelines API RP 538 - Industrial Fired Boilers for General Refinery and Petrochemical Service API RP 571 - Damage Mechanisms Affecting Fixed Equipment in the Refining Industry API RP 576 - Inspection of Pressure-Relieving Devices API RP 580 - Risk Based Inspection (RBI) API RP 581 - Risk Based Inspection Technology API RP 75 - Developing a Safety and Environmental Management Program for Offshore Operations API RP 939-C - Guidelines for Avoiding Sulfidation (Sulfidic) Corrosion Failures in Oil Refineries API RP 941 - Steels for Hydrogen Service at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures
Articles about International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  • November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
    By Walt Sanford at PinnacleART

    Maximizing return on investment of physical assets, while at the same time operating safely and in an environmentally responsible manner is now more critical than ever for organizations within the heavy process industries.

  • July/August 2014 Inspectioneering Journal
    By Marc Laplante at Meridium

    One of the more popular topics discussed and debated vigorously in the asset management community is the potential impact of the ISO 55000 series of standards, which was just released in January of 2014 and is the first set of international standards addressing asset management.

  • January/February 2007 Inspectioneering Journal

    Since the publication of NACE MR0175/ISO 15156, "Petroleum and natural gas industries- Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production," in December 2003, the ISO Maintenance Panel set up to maintain this widely used standard and the Oversight Committee, NACE Task Group (TG) 299, has reviewed and approved 15 proposals for change to the standard.

    Companies
    Videos related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
      White Papers related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
        Downloads & Resources related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
        • Asset Intelligence Report

          This Asset Intelligence Report on Ultrasonic Testing provides an introduction to the NDE method as well as further information on the various ultrasonic testing methods and industry applications.

          Events related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
            News related to International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

              Inspectioneering Journal

              Explore over 20 years of articles written by our team of subject matter experts.

              Company Directory

              Find relevant products, services, and technologies.

              Job Postings

              Discover job opportunities that match your skillset.

              Case Studies

              Learn from the experience of others in the industry.

              Event Calendar

              Find upcoming conferences, training sessions, online events, and more.

              Industry News

              Stay up-to-date with the latest inspection and asset integrity management news.

              Blog

              Read short articles and insights authored by industry experts.

              Acronyms

              Commonly used asset integrity management and inspection acronyms.

              Asset Intelligence Reports

              Download brief primers on various asset integrity management topics.

              Videos

              Watch educational and informative videos directly related to your profession.

              Expert Interviews

              Inspectioneering's archive of interviews with industry subject matter experts.