Downstream

Last update: Jan 13, 2017

One of the three major sectors of the oil and gas business, Downstream refers to the refining and processing of crude oil and natural gas, as well as the marketing and distribution of petroleum-based products. These products include gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, natural gas liquids, and many others. The other two major sectors of the oil and gas business are Upstream (exploration and production) and Midstream (transportation and storage).

 

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Ring in the New Year by Committing to a Culture of Safety
Blog
January 3, 2017 By Jeremiah Wooten at Inspectioneering, LLC.

At the end of every year, the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) releases a list of the 10 most frequently cited safety and health violations for the fiscal year, comprised from approximately 32,000 workplace inspections by federal OSHA staff.

Dead Leg Integrity Management System
November/December 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Mohamed Amer at TUV Rheinland

This article describes a high-level dead leg integrity management program overview and is based on experience, knowledge, and adaptation of inspection management philosophies currently being implemented within the Oil & Gas and the petrochemical industry.

Blog
December 29, 2016 By John Reynolds at Intertek

The Fall API Standards Meeting was incredibly productive and addressed, among other issues, the API Inspection Summit, balloting for the 11th edition of API 510, and improvements to the inspection section of each damage mechanism in API RP 571.

Temporary Cooling Equipment Can Resolve Temporary Condensation Problems in Vacuum Distillation Units
Online Article
November 9, 2016 By Massimo Capra at Aggreko

Vacuum distillation plays a critical role in improving yields for petroleum refiners by producing high-value petroleum products out of the heavier oils left over from atmospheric distillation. When short-term disturbances cause temporary cooling challenges, these units could benefit from supplemental equipment that can help control the process operation temperature.

Remaining Life Sensitivity to Longitudinal Weld Seam Peaking in High-temperature Low Chrome Piping
July/August 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Phillip E. Prueter at The Equity Engineering Group, Inc., Jonathan D. Dobis at The Equity Engineering Group, Inc., Mark Geisenhoff at Flint Hills Resources, and Dr. Michael S. Cayard at Flint Hills Resources

This article summarizes a recent finite element analysis (FEA)-based study that employs creep simulation techniques to investigate the elevated temperature response of piping with peaked longitudinal weld seams.

What Is Refractory?
July/August 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Jackson Espinoza at Sentinel Integrity Solutions

An explanation of refractory including its uses and recent advancements in abrasion-resistant materials, dry-out/cure times, improved installation methods, and anchoring systems.

July/August 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Neil Ferguson at Hydratight

Joint integrity management remain at the top of many operators’ priority list.  The discipline considers risk and drives safety to ensure we learn necessary lessons from past catastrophic failures, such as the Piper Alpha explosion in 1988, where leaking gas condensate ignited and killed 167 of the 229 people on board the offshore rig.

Piping Vibration Assessments
July/August 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Jacob Manuel, P.E. at Stress Engineering Services, Inc., and Ralph E. King P.E. at Stress Engineering Services, Inc.

An overview of process piping vibration and evaluating piping systems in vibration service to reduce harmful vibrations.

Partner Content

It is difficult to cover all inspection applications with basic inspection procedures like radiography, ultrasonics, magnetic particle testing, and dye penetrant inspection. Owner-operators are finding that advanced NDE services such as guided-wave ultrasonics, AUT corrosion mapping, and eddy current testing are essential tools to keep their facilities operating safely and efficiently.

5 Common Misconceptions of Risk-Based Inspection
Online Article
July 8, 2016

Here are five common misconceptions about RBI that should not prevent you from gaining a more advanced understanding of the true state of your site's equipment. After all, the more we know, the better we can manage equipment integrity and make run/inspect/modify/repair/replace decisions.

Partner Content

It is difficult to cover all inspection applications with basic inspection procedures like radiography, ultrasonics, magnetic particle testing, and dye penetrant inspection. Owner-operators are finding that advanced NDE services such as guided-wave ultrasonics, AUT corrosion mapping, and eddy current testing are essential tools to keep their facilities operating safely and efficiently.

Online Article
May 23, 2016 By Jeremiah Wooten at Inspectioneering, LLC.

Inspectioneering recently had the opportunity to chat with Jim Weynand, Chief Revenue Officer for Check-6, a global leader in accelerating human performance. Our discussion focused on the effect human factors have on plant operations and how positively and routinely influencing human performance can improve asset integrity management. We hope you find the exchange interesting and informative.

Achieving Compliance Under the New EPA Clean Air Regulations
Online Article
May 6, 2016 By Jeremiah Wooten at Inspectioneering, LLC.

Inspectioneering recently had the opportunity to chat with Kent Cheese, Vice President of Marketing and Sales for Bureau Veritas, a global leader in testing, certification and inspection. Mr. Cheese has more than 20 years of experience working across several industries, including petrochemical and refining. Our discussion focused on the recent fenceline monitoring rule set by EPA to reduce plant emissions and the steps owner-operators can take to achieve compliance.

Online Article
May 2, 2016 By Jason Mallett at Aggreko

Summertime requires refiners to push even harder on certain equipment, such as the Fluid Catalytic Cracking Unit (FCCU), alkylation unit, and reformers to be able to meet increased demand. Warmer ambient temperatures can negatively affect process units in many different ways. Effectively managing these temperatures can save operators time and money during the heat of summertime operations.

Advancements in Positive Material Identification Tools Bring Accuracy and Convenience to the Work Site
March/April 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Mark Lessard at Thermo Fisher Scientific

In numerous industries that require elemental and material testing, including the oil and gas, power generation, and petrochemical industries, positive material identification (PMI) is at the forefront of any operation. In fact, an increasing number of facilities are adopting a 100% PMI program to ensure that every metal component is made up of exactly the desired chemical composition.

Ultrasonic Sensor System for Wall-Thickness Monitoring
March/April 2016 Inspectioneering Journal
By Dr. James N. Barshinger at Sensor Networks, Inc., Bruce A. Pellegrino at Sensor Networks, Inc., and Michael Nugent at Equity Engineering Group

While there are many methods for measuring equipment wall thickness, a predominant method used in the O&G and power generation industries is portable ultrasonic equipment. Ultrasonic testing is non-intrusive because it is applied to the outside of a pipe or vessel. It is an accurate and relatively low cost non-destructive examination (NDE) method to deploy in most situations.

Online Article
March 30, 2016 By Jeremiah Wooten at Inspectioneering, LLC.

Inspectioneering recently had the opportunity to chat with Barney Smith, Turnaround Manager at Aggreko, a global leader in power, heating, cooling, and oil-free compressor rental solutions. Our discussion focused on catalyst cooling during hydrocarbon processing and how owner-operators can potentially improve their process.