Australia to Pay Last Two Oil Refineries Up to $1.8B to Stay Open

Reuters, May 17, 2021

Australia has agreed to pay its last two oil refineries up to A$2.3 billion (USD $1.8 billion) through 2030 to keep the struggling plants open and protect the country's fuel security.

The package props up refineries owned by Ampol Ltd and Viva Energy Group and will save 1,250 jobs across their two plants, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said.

Ampol's shares jumped nearly 10% and Viva's as much as 9% as investors applauded the big subsidies which will shield the companies from refining losses and help them upgrade their ageing plants.

"This is a key plank of our plan to secure Australia's recovery from the pandemic, and to prepare against any future crises," Morrison said in a statement.

The package includes up to A$125 million each to Ampol and Viva to upgrade their refineries to produce ultra-low sulfur petrol. In return, the companies have agreed to start making the cleaner fuel by end-2024, catching up with the world's major markets three years earlier than planned.

Viva Chief Executive Scott Wyatt said securing the deal was a "huge relief."

"It retains a material critical mass of refining capacity across the two sites and I think that allows us to continue to work closely with government on not just the future of refining but the whole energy transition," Wyatt told Reuters.

Australia's four refineries were just emerging from years of losses when the pandemic hit fuel demand last year, aggravating the pain of competing against Asia's mega refineries. Combined, the four had a capacity of 464,000 barrels per day, dwarfed by Asia's biggest refinery, the 1.24 million bpd Jamnagar plant in India.

Pandemic-induced supply disruptions in other industries sparked fear over long-term fuel security in Australia and spurred the government to look for ways to rescue the industry.

However, BP plc has since shut its Kwinana plant in Western Australia and Exxon Mobil Corp is set to close its Altona plant in Victoria later this year.

Viva and Ampol have committed to keep their refineries open until at least 2027, with an option to receive support to 2030.

Ampol Chief Executive Matt Halliday said the government's generosity was justified, because it ensured Australia would retain advanced manufacturing skills and assets that could eventually handle future fuels such as hydrogen.

"We're playing our role to support them in terms of meeting their fuel security objectives, where they apply a broader lens," Halliday told reporters.

Both plants will be aided when refining margins drop below an agreed level and will not receive help during good times, Energy Minister Angus Taylor said.

"The cap payment of 1.8 Australian cents per litre (around $2.20/bbl) provides a big lifeline during low refining margin periods, which is our most likely scenario for the next six years, given global refining overcapacity," said Sushant Gupta, research director at consultants Wood Mackenzie.

Analysts congratulated the companies on securing a "great deal."

"You say thank you to Angus Taylor and Scott Morrison. As shareholders, we thank them too," Bank of America analyst David Errington told Viva executives on an analyst call.

($1 = 1.2857 Australian dollars)

(Reporting by Renju Jose and Sonali Paul)

Click here to read the full article from Reuters.

Copyright 2024 Thomson Reuters. Click for restrictions.

Comments and Discussion

There are no comments yet.

Add a Comment

Please log in or register to participate in comments and discussions.

Inspectioneering Journal

Explore over 20 years of articles written by our team of subject matter experts.

Company Directory

Find relevant products, services, and technologies.

Training Solutions

Improve your skills in key mechanical integrity subjects.

Case Studies

Learn from the experience of others in the industry.


Inspectioneering's index of mechanical integrity topics – built by you.

Industry News

Stay up-to-date with the latest inspection and asset integrity management news.


Read short articles and insights authored by industry experts.

Expert Interviews

Inspectioneering's archive of interviews with industry subject matter experts.

Event Calendar

Find upcoming conferences, training sessions, online events, and more.


Downloadable eBooks, Asset Intelligence Reports, checklists, white papers, and more.

Videos & Webinars

Watch educational and informative videos directly related to your profession.


Commonly used asset integrity management and inspection acronyms.