Integripedia Topic

Explore this topic

Flanges are external ridges on beams or pipes that allow them to be attached to other objects. In the process industries, flanges are most often important in the context of pipelines and piping. Sections of pipe are able to be bolted or welded together at these flanges; allowing for easier transportation, assembly, installation, and/or disassembly than if they were constructed as one big section. By making them easier to disassemble, maintenance, inspection, and cleaning activities can be conducted without affecting large portions of the pipe system.

Some of the most common types of flanges in the industry are welding neck flanges, slip on flanges, socket weld flanges, lap joint flanges, threaded flanges, and blind flanges. They can be made of a number of different materials such as stainless steel, cast iron, aluminium, brass, bronze, or plastic, among others. Usually the flange material is the same as the pipe itself.

The area where two pipes are joined together by a flange is known as a flange joint. This is a critical area for managing the integrity of a piping system. Leaks can delay production start up, cause unplanned shutdowns, or cause significant safety incidents. All of which, could have a substantial impact on the budget. This is why effective joint integrity management practices are so important.

Image: Example of Flange with Welded and Bolted Joints.

Related Topics

Topic Tools

Share this Topic

Contribute to Definition

We welcome updates to this Integripedia definition from the Inspectioneering community. Click the link below to submit any recommended changes for Inspectioneering's team of editors to review.

Contribute to Definition
Articles about Flanges
    Downloads & Resources related to Flanges
      News related to Flanges

        Inspectioneering Journal

        Explore over 20 years of articles written by our team of subject matter experts.

        Company Directory

        Find relevant products, services, and technologies.

        Talent Solutions

        Discover job opportunities that match your skillset.

        Case Studies

        Learn from the experience of others in the industry.


        Inspectioneering's index of mechanical integrity topics – built by you.

        Industry News

        Stay up-to-date with the latest inspection and asset integrity management news.


        Read short articles and insights authored by industry experts.

        Expert Interviews

        Inspectioneering's archive of interviews with industry subject matter experts.

        Event Calendar

        Find upcoming conferences, training sessions, online events, and more.


        Downloadable eBooks, Asset Intelligence Reports, checklists, white papers, and more.


        Watch educational and informative videos directly related to your profession.


        Commonly used asset integrity management and inspection acronyms.