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Overview of Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Established in 1977, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Energy charged with collecting, analyzing, and disseminating independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. EIA conducts a comprehensive data collection program that covers the full spectrum of energy sources, end uses, and energy flows. EIA also prepares informative energy analyses, monthly short-term forecasts of energy market trends, and long-term U.S. and international energy outlooks

The EIA consists of four primary offices:

  1. Office of Energy Statistics: conducts a wide range of survey, statistical methods, and integration activities related to: energy consumption and efficiency; electricity; nuclear and renewable energy; oil, gas and coal supply; and petroleum and biofuels. 
  2. Office of Energy Analysis: analyzes energy supply, demand, and prices including the impact of financial markets on energy markets; prepares reports on current and future energy use; analyzes the impact of energy policies; and develops advanced techniques for conducting energy information analyses.
  3. Office of Communications: oversees a comprehensive energy information dissemination program that provides high quality information to its audience.
  4. Office of Resource and Technology Management:  directs a variety of centralized and cross-cutting corporate business activities including EIA's independent information technology infrastructure and data center operation.


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            • News
              Inspectioneering Staff, January 25, 2019

              According to a report released this week by the EIA, the U.S. will become a net energy exporter in 2020 due to large increases in crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas plant liquids production coupled with slow growth in U.S. energy consumption.

            • News
              Reuters, January 15, 2019

              Crude oil output from the United States is expected to rise to a new record of more than 12 million barrels per day (bpd) this year and to climb to nearly 13 million bpd next year, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) said on Tuesday in its first 2020 forecast.

            • News
              Reuters, September 20, 2018

              U.S. refiners have processed a record volume of crude in the last three months, reversing the previous shortage of distillate but leaving the country with record gasoline stocks at the end of the summer driving season.

            • News
              U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), February 21, 2018

              Over the next two years, EIA’s Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) projects growth in U.S. consumption of ethane in the petrochemical industry will exceed increases in consumption of all other petroleum and liquid products—such as motor gasoline, distillate, and jet fuel—combined. EIA also projects that ethane exports will continue increasing, as ethane is exported both by pipeline to Canada and by tankers to more distant destinations.

            • News
              U.S. Energy Information Administration, February 8, 2018

              The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has released its Annual Energy Outlook 2018 (AEO2018), which includes its Reference case and a number of sensitivity cases. The AEO2018 Reference case shows continued development of the U.S. shale and tight oil and gas resources paired with modest energy consumption growth, leading to the transition of the United States from a net energy importer to a net energy exporter across most cases examined in AEO2018.

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              U.S. Energy Information Administration, October 31, 2017

              Three new pipeline projects in the northeast received approval from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) in October, the first projects to be approved since February. FERC regained its quorum in August after the Senate confirmed two new commissioners.

            • News
              U.S. Energy Information Administration, August 17, 2017

              Gasoline production by U.S. refiners and blenders has run near record levels over the first seven months of 2017, with four-week rolling average production well above its five-year average and close to the top of its five-year range. U.S. gasoline inventories also remain relatively high despite growing domestic and foreign demand.

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