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Popular Articles

Insights Into Fixed Equipment Vibration – How a Piping System Was Affected by Flow-Induced Vibration
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Dr. Reza Azizian at Engineering & Inspection Services, LLC, and Paolo Torrado at Engineering and Inspection Services, LLC.

Excessive vibration is a problem frequently encountered in industrial plants and their peripheral equipment, including piping systems, pressure vessels, and steel structures. Long term excessive vibration can lead to fatigue crack propagation and consequently, may cause system failure.

The Importance of Selecting the Appropriate Inspection Method
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Mike Brown at Sentinel Integrity Solutions

It is often best to rely on properly trained and experienced inspection service providers to determine the proper method for any inspection project. Thus, inspection companies can suggest utilizing the most effective and efficient inspection techniques that will result in the highest probability of detection (POD), while potentially saving the facility operators’ time, effort, and capital.

Recording Thickness Data During Thickness Monitoring Inspections
September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By A.C. Gysbers at The Equity Engineering Group, Inc.

This article addresses a debate mechanical integrity professionals in the O&G and Chemical Processing industries periodically have about how thickness data gathered during a thickness monitoring inspection (TMI) should be recorded.

A Tale of Two Operating Sites – The Difference in Quality of Two FEMI Programs
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By John Reynolds at Intertek

Once upon a time in the land of Ooze, there were two processing plants that boiled oil to make fuels and various other valuable petrochemical products. On one side of the river, rests a site called Perfecto Process Plant, while just across the river lies another plant called InZayna Zylum.

Composite Repairs for Offshore Pipelines
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By David A. Hunter at Neptune Research, Inc.

This study provides valuable information for offshore pipeline operators curious about how composite repair systems could be utilized with their assets.

An Overview of ISO 55000 - Standardizing Asset Management
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Walt Sanford at PinnacleART

Maximizing return on investment of physical assets, while at the same time operating safely and in an environmentally responsible manner is now more critical than ever for organizations within the heavy process industries.

November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By John Reynolds at Intertek

This article provides a summary of the Subcommittee on Inspection (SCI) discussions that occurred at the Fall 2015 API Refining Standards Meeting, including the Inspection Summit Planning Committee and the API ICP Task Group.

September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Virginia Edley at Trinity Bridge, LLC.

If everyone in an industrial setting actively looked for things that were not right or seemed different, or looked at small mistakes as opportunities to prevent larger ones, what would the future look like?

A Guide to Storage Tank Inspection
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Robert Frater at Engineering & Inspection Services, LLC

Refinery, petrochemical, and storage tank operators are responsible for properly cleaning facility tanks on a periodic maintenance basis, typically in 20 to 30 year increments. This article provides a suggested “checklist” of inspection activities to ensure safe and reliable operations after cleaning.

Reliability and Integrity – Keys to Survival
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Khulani Ndimande at ABB Consulting, and Fernando Vicente at ABB Consulting

This article highlights several benefits of sound reliability and mechanical integrity practices and how they serve as the cornerstone of effective asset management. Moreover, we believe effective asset integrity management is not only important, but essential, to overcoming the challenges presented by operating in the current oil and gas market.

Partner Content

InVista is a lightweight, hand-held ultrasonic in-line inspection tool (intelligent pig) capable of detecting pipeline wall loss and corrosion in unpiggable or difficult-to-inspect pipelines. The pipeline geometry inspection data captured by the InVista tool is exceptionally powerful when combined with the LifeQuest™ Pipeline fitness-for-service capabilities, providing an integrated solution set for the pipeline industry.

5 Major Fixed Equipment Mechanical Integrity Failures –  What Happened and Why?
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By John Reynolds at Intertek

Rarely is there a new and unknown cause of a major Fixed Equipment Mechanical Integrity (FEMI) failure in the petrochemical and refining industry. This article briefly summarizes five major fixed equipment mechanical integrity (FEMI) failures from the petrochemical and refining industry.

There’s an Inspection App for That
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Barbara Lasseigne at Envoc

While performing visual inspections with a pen and notepad is the traditional way to record data, there are now more efficient ways to complete inspections out in the field. Investing in a mobile inspection application can be a great way to save time, reduce cost, and improve safety over traditional methods.

API 1169 Pipeline Inspector Certification Program –  A Case for Why it Should be the Industry Standard
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Rikki Smith at Oilfield Jobs

Some hiring practices for new employees have been too lax for too long in the pipeline industry. Pipeline inspectors who have ever worked beside someone who was hired via the familiar “friends and family program,” recognize the need for more stringent hiring requirements than just knowing the right person.

September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Harold Marburger at Dunn Heat Exchangers

This article is Part II of a three-part series that explores the various methods, benefits, challenges and solutions to efficiently and effectively clean heat exchangers, both onsite and offsite.

September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Nick Harwood at Aetos Group, and Aaron Cook at Aetos Group

This article is intended to provide some helpful insights when it comes to Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs), and to hopefully put you on the path to safer and more cost-effective inspections utilizing UAS technologies.

In-Service Inspections Using EMAT and MRUT
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Borja Lopez at Innerspec Technologies, Inc.

Readers were previously introduced to some of the practical advantages of EMAT Ultrasonic Testing (UT) in the March/April 2013 and July/August 2013 issues of Inspectioneering Journal. In this article, I will cover the practical advantages of EMAT for in-service applications using Medium Range Ultrasonic Testing (MRUT).

March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Ana Benz at IRISNDT, Bradley Baudier at Marathon Petroleum Company LP, and Michael O. Nichols at Marathon Petroleum Company

This article provides a discussion of a recent inspection performed at a U.S. refinery. Industry HF lines are experiencing piping failures in increasing numbers due to the presence of residual elements (such as Cr, Ni, and Cu among others) entrained within their carbon steel components.

A New Trend for Pipeline Integrity Management: How GIS and Risk-Based   Asset Management (RBA) Integration Can Improve Pipeline Management
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Dylan Schrader at PinnacleART, Tom Pickthall at EnhanceCo Inc., and Carlos A. Palacios at CiMA-TQ

Pipeline integrity is critical to ensure maintenance and operational efficiency; however it is becoming an increasingly challenging task for the energy industry. Maintenance managers and inspectors must make sure their pipeline(s) and its associated equipment meet strict integrity requirements and comply with regulations in order to avoid unnecessary downtime and mitigate safety and environmental risks.

January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Serge Bisson at GCM Consultants, and Hugo Julien, P.E. at GCM Consultants

Are you still hitting the welded joints of pressure vessels with a hammer during hydrostatic testing? If yes, then you’re due for a refresher on the pressure testing requirements of ASME Section VIII Division 1 since this requirement was for pressure vessels back in the mid 1940’s. This article will help you by highlighting the main requirements of, and differences between, the hydrostatic test for new pressure vessels fabricated according to ASME Section VIII, Division 1 and the hydrostatic leak test for new piping systems made under ASME B31.3.

Maintenance Strategies for Aboveground Storage Tanks in Crude Oil Service - Part 1
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Melissa Ramkissoon at Petrotrin

Aboveground Storage Tanks (AST) are essential to any successful oil and gas operation and must be properly managed to ensure operations function in a safe and reliable manner. In this 2-part series, I will identify some common failures related to ASTs in crude oil service and recommend strategies to prevent and/or mitigate such failures.

AIM Programs: Incorporation of all the Disciplines that Impact the Integrity of Infrastructure and Equipment
Partner Content

The goal of asset management is to effectively manage corporate assets in order to gain maximum value, profitability and returns, while safeguarding personnel, the community, and the environment. A true Asset Integrity Management program incorporates...

September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Shana Telesz at GE Measurement & Control

While computed tomography (CT) scans are common and well-known as a critical evaluation tool in the medical field, they are becoming increasingly important in industrial settings. Recent automation, speed, and accuracy developments are driving the migration of CT technology onto the production floor.

March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Matt Midas at GenesisSolutions

With the advancements in today’s technology and improvements to Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) systems and Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS), if we deploy them properly and in line with best practices, it is possible to reach previously unreachable levels of efficiency, data quality, and meaningful reports.

Effective End of Useful Life Strategies for Pressure Equipment
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Greg Alvarado at Inspectioneering Journal

Asset managers need to know when repairs and replacement are required for many reasons, including safe operation, accurate budgeting, replacement planning, and on-going reliability. When predicting design life based on a simple, linear corrosion rate versus remaining thickness, metallurgical degradation, or crack propagation rates are often not accurate or realistic. Even if the models are good, things change.

OSHA Communication Rules Can Help Control Corrosion
September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Nolan L. Miller at SASOL North American Operations, and Marc McConnell, P.E. at Versa Integrity Group

If we could measure, understand, mitigate, and most importantly, control corrosion, we can do a better job of keeping the product in the pipes. To accomplish this task, we needed to know what is causing the corrosion and how to control it.

A Roadmap to Spare Parts Optimization
September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Brad Moore at PinnacleART

Operators in all industries are trying to increase equipment availability, yet oftentimes critical process equipment is not available due to planned or unplanned maintenance. To increase equipment availability, steps must be taken to reduce downtime. One way to achieve this is to ensure that spare parts are organized and available in the event repairs are needed.

Achieve Comprehensive Reliability by Combining RBI and RCM
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Walt Sanford at PinnacleART

Today, many managers are finding that they can address the reliability of all types of assets by combining RBI and Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) processes together into one comprehensive reliability management process.

High Temperature Hydrogen Attack (HTHA): Life Assessment Methods for Carbon Steel and Carbon 0.50% Mo Materials
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Ralph E. King P.E. at Stress Engineering Services, and Brian Olson at Stress Engineering Services Inc.

To ensure the mechanical integrity and fitness-for-service (FFS) of equipment, facility managers, reliability engineers, and inspection technicians must understand the HTHA damage mechanism.

SAFER Inspectioneering
September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Paul J. Ramirez at NASA - Jet Propulsion Laboratory

The Quality Assurance Engineer (QAE) provides a safety net for mission-critical hardware. The variety and complexity of hardware, and the many dimensions of the QA inspection process, combine in such a manner that even the most experienced QAE may miss problems.

How To Effectively and Efficiently Clean Heat Exchangers, Part 1
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Harold Marburger at Dunn Heat Exchangers

Whether onsite or offsite, the methods for cleaning shell and tube heat exchangers can vary. Refining and petrochemical operators will agree that high standards must be employed with each method. Choosing the right method can make the difference between smooth operations and unforeseen equipment shutdowns.

3rd Party Joint Integrity Inspections: Compliance and Leak Free Facilities
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Neil Ferguson at Hydratight

With the increasing demand for oil, gas, and petrochemical products in a highly competitive market, products and services irrespective of their origin must satisfy customer quality requirements. Additionally, the needs to ensure quality control and regulatory compliance are now more scrutinized and critical than ever.

The Increasing Emphasis on Safety and Compliance within Organizations
Partner Content

Highly trained, certified inspectors and examiners are invaluable to building trust between owner-operators and service companies. Whether it is implementing a risk based inspection program, managing a turnaround or simply maintaining day to day compliance inspections...

Advances in Inspectability & Validation of Non-Metallic Composite Repair Systems
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By David A. Hunter at Neptune Research, Inc.

In recent years, the growing use of composite repair systems for the rehabilitation of piping systems in the refining and chemical industries has increased the need for associated technologies for their manufacturing, installation, and inspection. One critical aspect of these repair systems is how to inspect and validate them for fitness for service. This article covers the testing completed for fiberglass and carbon fiber composite repair systems with specialty epoxy for full inspection capabilities.

January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Fred Schenkelberg at FMS Reliability

Reliability engineering tools and concepts can be used to avoid or delay failures, thus increasing product service life. Design or maintenance teams use reliability engineering techniques to identify failures and their causes.

March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By A.C. Gysbers at The Equity Engineering Group, Inc.

The tubes of heat exchangers (HX), whether for a shell and tube bundle or an airfin, are typically subject to some form of nondestructive examination (NDE) to try and quantify the remaining wall thicknesses and corrosion rates to help a plant to determine remaining life or the need for intervention via re-tubing or replacement of these thin wall components.

A New Generation of Predictive NDE Sensor Technologies
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Angelique N. Lasseigne at G2MT, Joshua E. Jackson at G2MT, and Robert Schaffler at G2MT LLC

The future of inspection will be based on predictive and proactive technologies that effectively monitor material properties of structures and systems over their entire service life.

Repair Strategies for Civil Structures Utilizing New Risk Based Inspection Methodology
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Amanda Nurse at BP, and Josh Havekost at BP

Assessing risk is an integral part of working at a refinery. Infrastructure supporting the miles of piping, process vessels, and the platforms and ladders used in daily unit operations are often taken for granted. The Civil Structures Management Program (CSMP) at the BP Whiting Refinery was developed in 2004. Since the program’s inception, millions of dollars have been spent in the yearly execution of refinery structural repairs.

Dry-Coupled Ultrasonic Testing: An Effective, Yet Underutilized NDE Method
November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Borja Lopez at Innerspec Technologies, Inc.

While they is very efficient and popular, liquid couplants used for ultrasonic inspection have some inherent limitations and disadvantages. An alternative method to using liquid couplant is Dry-Coupled Ultrasonic Testing (DCUT).

In-Place Pipe Support Load Testing & Hanger Surveys – Part of a Best in Class Fitness-for-Service Program
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Lange Kimball at Stress Engineering Services, Joe Frey, PE at Stress Engineering, Inc., and Britt Bettell at Stress Engineering Services

This article introduces portions of a “Best-In-Class” Fitness-for-Service (FFS) program that includes the performance of regular visual inspections of pipe supports and hangers, coupled with in-situ load testing of suspect supports. This program can give the plant engineer the knowledge he needs to make sound operational and maintenance decisions.

Rating Pressure Vessels with Poorly Kept Records
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Paolo Torrado at Engineering and Inspection Services, LLC.

An issue that arises frequently in the oil and gas industry is poor or missing documentation of pressure vessels. It is common in the industry to repurpose old equipment, bring equipment back into operation after a long period of time out of service, or rerate equipment due to debottlenecking of process units.

November/December 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Rick Eckert at DNV GL - North America Oil & Gas

Understanding the common factors that promote corrosion threats in the oil and gas value chain helps operators create effective inspection strategies.

The Benefits of Laser-Based Inspection
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Connie LaMorte at EWI, and Jon Jennings at EWI

Weld inspection using lasers is not new, but doing it 75 meters inside a pipe or streaming inspection data wirelessly is new. As laser technology has improved, more industries such as oil & gas are beginning to require laser inspection as part of their specifications. This non-contact method can help catch an unacceptable condition before it becomes too late to remedy the weld.

Partner Content

In highly competitive market conditions, the proper development of turnaround work packages is critical to the success of any turnaround. At a minimum, there are seven documents that should be included in all turnaround work packages.

Powering Impressed Current Cathodic Protection – Part 1
July/August 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Gary Mulcahy at Astrodyne TDI

This is the first article of a two-part series to be published in Inspectioneering Journal and will provide a basis for understanding the differences between traditional tapped-transformer, fixed voltage type rectifiers, and High Frequency Switched Mode (HFSM) units.

Taking Inspection and Maintenance to New Heights with Rope Access
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Andy Kates at Versa Integrity Group

Rope access allows for a wide variety of work to be performed at high elevations or other hard to reach areas without the use of scaffolding or heavy equipment. It has evolved from techniques used in rock climbing and caving to become an extremely safe and cost effective industrial tool.

Testing and Inspection Methods to Improve the Life Cycle of Refractory
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Jeremy Wimberly at Sentinel Integrity Solutions

Refractory materials have significantly evolved during the past 15 years, testing technology is much more sophisticated, and the need for test technicians to be properly trained and experienced to use that technology is much more important than it has been in the past. Today, operators know that to ensure at least five to six year run times on processing units, production baffle testing and material prequalification and inspection processes and results are absolutely critical.

The Industrial Internet’s Role in the Pipeline Industry
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Mauricio Palomino at GE Oil & Gas, Measurement & Control Business

Machine-to-Machine connectivity combined with advanced computing capabilities and industry-focused software enable a wide range of new capabilities. From smart homes controlled over the internet, to smart electric grids with smart meters, sensors and controls that continually monitor the performance of electric distribution and can self-adjust to demand and outage conditions to optimize uptime across the whole network or a combination of networks, the Industrial Internet has opened the door to a new era of efficiency, productivity, and safety for the industrial world.

Unmanned Aerial Systems and the Regulatory Landscape
March/April 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Nick Harwood at Aetos Group, and Aaron Cook at Aetos Group

The ability to gain this unique perspective has recently become easier and safer with today’s technological advancements. This new technology comes in the form of a miniature flying machine, better known as a drone or small Unmanned Aerial System (sUAS). These systems can be a modified hobby aircraft or highly reliable, military grade aerial robots.

May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Vibha Zaman, P.E. at Lloyd’s Register Energy Americas, and Peter Dsouza at Lloyd’s Register Energy Americas

Direct assessment is often seen as the best option to verify pipeline integrity. But, it's particularly challenging due to the difficulty of pipeline access, as well as the limitations in available technology to perform subsea wall thickness inspections. Addressing these challenges requires action rather than reaction.

High-Energy Piping Systems: Avoid Cracking Under Pressure
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Pamela Hamblin at Thielsch Engineering, Inc.

Avoiding cracking under pressure when managing high-energy piping systems is common subject matter in the power industry. Just as high-energy piping can give way to pressure, stress and fatigue, so can the people in charge of operating them when trying to determine what to inspect, where to inspect, and what to do with those inspection results once they have them.

Gains with Advanced Data Assessment in ILI: Leveraging pipeline data to eliminate risk, prioritize and schedule necessary repairs
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Ian D. Smith, P.Eng. at Quest Integrity Group, and Michael McGee at Quest Integrity Group

For traditional in-line inspection (ILI) vendors, considering 21.4 miles of a piggable 4” diesel pipeline is typically not a big deal. However, significant threats like 3rd party damage and external corrosion seem to come with the territory in nearly any pipeline territory.

The Critical Importance of Application Methodology in Epoxy Resin Success
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Clint Rupert at Engineered Resin Solutions (ERS)

Epoxy products have gone through extensive research and development over the years, and have reached the point that when specified for the correct environment, they should perform exactly as intended.

The Evolution of Reliability:  A Q&A with  Texas Railroad Commissioner Ryan Sitton
September/October 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Jeremiah Wooten at Inspectioneering, LLC.

Inspectioneering recently had the opportunity to sit down with Texas Railroad Commissioner Ryan Sitton and discuss the evolution of reliability in the oil and gas industry.

Partner Content

LOTIS utilizes laser profilometry to conduct internal steam reformer tube inspections. The data captured by LOTIS is exceptionally powerful when combined with our LifeQuest™ remaining life assessment capabilities, providing an integrated solution set for the process and syngas industries.

January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Greg Alvarado at Inspectioneering Journal

Challenges abounded in 2014 for the process industries, and it does not look like they will let up soon. But then again, that’s life, as they say. After 40 years in the industry the old adages still ring true, “there is nothing new under the sun” and “the only constant is change.”

Combining High Resolution In-Line Geometry Tools and Finite Element Analysis to Improve Dent Assessments
May/June 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Rhett Dotson, P.E. at Stress Engineering Services

Historically, regulations regarding dent severity have been governed by one of two metrics: dent depth or strain. In the case of the former, plain dents with a depth up to 6% of the nominal diameter are permitted in both gas and liquid pipelines. However, many operators typically set stricter limits on dent depth targeting those above a depth of 2% for evaluation.

January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Matthew Green at Neptune Research, Inc.

Engineered Composite Repair (ECR) systems are moving into mainstream usage at a faster pace than ever. This increased usage and exposure is working to push them into new frontiers and commands a more demanding understanding of their basic functions.

New Technologies Present Opportunities for  Pipeline Asset Managers
January/February 2015 Inspectioneering Journal
By Steve Slusarenko at ProStar Geocorp, Inc., Layne Tucker at EchoRFID, and Jim Anspach at Cardno, Inc.

In the Oil & Gas business we have hundreds of event process chains, each of which bears a cost and contains certain elements of risk. So what can we do to reduce our burden and improve our business? Let’s take a look at the current state of affairs and then have a look at some new technologies that may offer us an opportunity to improve our lot.

Can complete flare stack inspections be performed in a matter of hours?
Partner Content

Using unmanned aerial vehicles or drones, a complete flare stack inspection from tip to base, including all associated piping, flanges, and supporting cables can be completed in just a matter of hours, where traditional methods could take days. Moreover, this can all be accomplished while the flare is in use, eliminating the need to shut down the process or set up a temporary flare...